Een HTTP POST-webverzoek maken

Canoniek
Hoe kan ik een HTTP-verzoek indienen en gegevens verzenden met dePOSTmethode?

Ik kan een GET-verzoek doen, maar ik heb geen idee hoe je een POST-verzoek moet doen .


Antwoord 1, autoriteit 100%

Er zijn verschillende manieren om HTTP GET– en POST-verzoeken uit te voeren:


Methode A: HttpClient (voorkeur)

Beschikbaar in: .NET Framework 4.5+, .NET Standard 1.1+, .NET Core 1.0+.

Het is momenteel de voorkeursbenadering en is asynchroon en levert hoge prestaties. Gebruik in de meeste gevallen de ingebouwde versie, maar voor zeer oude platforms is er een NuGet-pakket.

using System.Net.Http;

Instellen

Het wordt aanbevolenom een ​​HttpClientvoor de levensduur van uw toepassing en deel deze, tenzij u een specifieke reden heeft om dit niet te doen.

private static readonly HttpClient client = new HttpClient();

Zie HttpClientFactoryvoor een afhankelijkheid injectieoplossing.


  • POST

    var values = new Dictionary<string, string>
    {
        { "thing1", "hello" },
        { "thing2", "world" }
    };
    var content = new FormUrlEncodedContent(values);
    var response = await client.PostAsync("http://www.example.com/recepticle.aspx", content);
    var responseString = await response.Content.ReadAsStringAsync();
    
  • GET

    var responseString = await client.GetStringAsync("http://www.example.com/recepticle.aspx");
    

Methode B: bibliotheken van derden

RestSharp

  • POST

    var client = new RestClient("http://example.com");
     // client.Authenticator = new HttpBasicAuthenticator(username, password);
     var request = new RestRequest("resource/{id}");
     request.AddParameter("thing1", "Hello");
     request.AddParameter("thing2", "world");
     request.AddHeader("header", "value");
     request.AddFile("file", path);
     var response = client.Post(request);
     var content = response.Content; // Raw content as string
     var response2 = client.Post<Person>(request);
     var name = response2.Data.Name;
    

Flurl.Http

Het is een nieuwere bibliotheek met een vloeiende API, testhelpers, gebruikt HttpClient onder de motorkap en is draagbaar. Het is beschikbaar via NuGet.

   using Flurl.Http;

  • POST

    var responseString = await "http://www.example.com/recepticle.aspx"
        .PostUrlEncodedAsync(new { thing1 = "hello", thing2 = "world" })
        .ReceiveString();
    
  • GET

    var responseString = await "http://www.example.com/recepticle.aspx"
        .GetStringAsync();
    

Methode C: HttpWebRequest (niet aanbevolen voor nieuw werk)

Beschikbaar in: .NET Framework 1.1+, .NET Standard 2.0+, .NET Core 1.0+. In .NET Core is het vooral voor compatibiliteit — het omhult HttpClient, presteert minder en krijgt geen nieuwe functies.

using System.Net;
using System.Text;  // For class Encoding
using System.IO;    // For StreamReader

  • POST

    var request = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create("http://www.example.com/recepticle.aspx");
    var postData = "thing1=" + Uri.EscapeDataString("hello");
        postData += "&thing2=" + Uri.EscapeDataString("world");
    var data = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(postData);
    request.Method = "POST";
    request.ContentType = "application/x-www-form-urlencoded";
    request.ContentLength = data.Length;
    using (var stream = request.GetRequestStream())
    {
        stream.Write(data, 0, data.Length);
    }
    var response = (HttpWebResponse)request.GetResponse();
    var responseString = new StreamReader(response.GetResponseStream()).ReadToEnd();
    
  • GET

    var request = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create("http://www.example.com/recepticle.aspx");
    var response = (HttpWebResponse)request.GetResponse();
    var responseString = new StreamReader(response.GetResponseStream()).ReadToEnd();
    

Methode D: WebClient (niet aanbevolen voor nieuw werk)

Dit is een wrapper rond HttpWebRequest. Vergelijk met HttpClient.

Beschikbaar in: .NET Framework 1.1+, NET Standard 2.0+, .NET Core 2.0+

using System.Net;
using System.Collections.Specialized;

  • POST

    using (var client = new WebClient())
    {
        var values = new NameValueCollection();
        values["thing1"] = "hello";
        values["thing2"] = "world";
        var response = client.UploadValues("http://www.example.com/recepticle.aspx", values);
        var responseString = Encoding.Default.GetString(response);
    }
    
  • GET

    using (var client = new WebClient())
    {
        var responseString = client.DownloadString("http://www.example.com/recepticle.aspx");
    }
    

Antwoord 2, autoriteit 17%

Eenvoudig GET-verzoek

using System.Net;
...
using (var wb = new WebClient())
{
    var response = wb.DownloadString(url);
}

Eenvoudig POST-verzoek

using System.Net;
using System.Collections.Specialized;
...
using (var wb = new WebClient())
{
    var data = new NameValueCollection();
    data["username"] = "myUser";
    data["password"] = "myPassword";
    var response = wb.UploadValues(url, "POST", data);
    string responseInString = Encoding.UTF8.GetString(response);
}

Antwoord 3, autoriteit 3%

MSDNheeft een voorbeeld.

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Net;
using System.Text;
namespace Examples.System.Net
{
    public class WebRequestPostExample
    {
        public static void Main()
        {
            // Create a request using a URL that can receive a post. 
            WebRequest request = WebRequest.Create("http://www.contoso.com/PostAccepter.aspx");
            // Set the Method property of the request to POST.
            request.Method = "POST";
            // Create POST data and convert it to a byte array.
            string postData = "This is a test that posts this string to a Web server.";
            byte[] byteArray = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(postData);
            // Set the ContentType property of the WebRequest.
            request.ContentType = "application/x-www-form-urlencoded";
            // Set the ContentLength property of the WebRequest.
            request.ContentLength = byteArray.Length;
            // Get the request stream.
            Stream dataStream = request.GetRequestStream();
            // Write the data to the request stream.
            dataStream.Write(byteArray, 0, byteArray.Length);
            // Close the Stream object.
            dataStream.Close();
            // Get the response.
            WebResponse response = request.GetResponse();
            // Display the status.
            Console.WriteLine(((HttpWebResponse)response).StatusDescription);
            // Get the stream containing content returned by the server.
            dataStream = response.GetResponseStream();
            // Open the stream using a StreamReader for easy access.
            StreamReader reader = new StreamReader(dataStream);
            // Read the content.
            string responseFromServer = reader.ReadToEnd();
            // Display the content.
            Console.WriteLine(responseFromServer);
            // Clean up the streams.
            reader.Close();
            dataStream.Close();
            response.Close();
        }
    }
}

Antwoord 4

Dit is een volledig werkend voorbeeld van het verzenden/ontvangen van gegevens in JSON-indeling, ik gebruikte Visual Studio 2013 ExpressEditie:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.OleDb;
using System.IO;
using System.Linq;
using System.Net.Http;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using System.Web.Script.Serialization;
namespace ConsoleApplication1
{
    class Customer
    {
        public string Name { get; set; }
        public string Address { get; set; }
        public string Phone { get; set; }
    }
    public class Program
    {
        private static readonly HttpClient _Client = new HttpClient();
        private static JavaScriptSerializer _Serializer = new JavaScriptSerializer();
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            Run().Wait();
        }
        static async Task Run()
        {
            string url = "http://www.example.com/api/Customer";
            Customer cust = new Customer() { Name = "Example Customer", Address = "Some example address", Phone = "Some phone number" };
            var json = _Serializer.Serialize(cust);
            var response = await Request(HttpMethod.Post, url, json, new Dictionary<string, string>());
            string responseText = await response.Content.ReadAsStringAsync();
            List<YourCustomClassModel> serializedResult = _Serializer.Deserialize<List<YourCustomClassModel>>(responseText);
            Console.WriteLine(responseText);
            Console.ReadLine();
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// Makes an async HTTP Request
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="pMethod">Those methods you know: GET, POST, HEAD, etc...</param>
        /// <param name="pUrl">Very predictable...</param>
        /// <param name="pJsonContent">String data to POST on the server</param>
        /// <param name="pHeaders">If you use some kind of Authorization you should use this</param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        static async Task<HttpResponseMessage> Request(HttpMethod pMethod, string pUrl, string pJsonContent, Dictionary<string, string> pHeaders)
        {
            var httpRequestMessage = new HttpRequestMessage();
            httpRequestMessage.Method = pMethod;
            httpRequestMessage.RequestUri = new Uri(pUrl);
            foreach (var head in pHeaders)
            {
                httpRequestMessage.Headers.Add(head.Key, head.Value);
            }
            switch (pMethod.Method)
            {
                case "POST":
                    HttpContent httpContent = new StringContent(pJsonContent, Encoding.UTF8, "application/json");
                    httpRequestMessage.Content = httpContent;
                    break;
            }
            return await _Client.SendAsync(httpRequestMessage);
        }
    }
}

Antwoord 5

Er zijn hier enkele echt goede antwoorden. Laat me een andere manier posten om je headers in te stellen met de WebClient(). Ik zal je ook laten zien hoe je een API-sleutel instelt.

       var client = new WebClient();
        string credentials = Convert.ToBase64String(Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(userName + ":" + passWord));
        client.Headers[HttpRequestHeader.Authorization] = $"Basic {credentials}";
        //If you have your data stored in an object serialize it into json to pass to the webclient with Newtonsoft's JsonConvert
        var encodedJson = JsonConvert.SerializeObject(newAccount);
        client.Headers.Add($"x-api-key:{ApiKey}");
        client.Headers.Add("Content-Type:application/json");
        try
        {
            var response = client.UploadString($"{apiurl}", encodedJson);
            //if you have a model to deserialize the json into Newtonsoft will help bind the data to the model, this is an extremely useful trick for GET calls when you have a lot of data, you can strongly type a model and dump it into an instance of that class.
            Response response1 = JsonConvert.DeserializeObject<Response>(response);

Antwoord 6

Deze oplossing gebruikt niets anders dan standaard .NET-aanroepen.

Getest:

  • In gebruik in een WPF-toepassing voor ondernemingen. Gebruikt async/wait om te voorkomen dat de gebruikersinterface wordt geblokkeerd.
  • Compatibel met .NET 4.5+.
  • Getest zonder parameters (vereist een “GET” achter de schermen).
  • Getest met parameters (vereist een “POST” achter de schermen).
  • Getest met een standaard webpagina zoals Google.
  • Getest met een interne op Java gebaseerde webservice.

Referentie:

// Add a Reference to the assembly System.Web

Code:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Collections.Specialized;
using System.Net;
using System.Net.Http;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using System.Web;
private async Task<WebResponse> CallUri(string url, TimeSpan timeout)
{
    var uri = new Uri(url);
    NameValueCollection rawParameters = HttpUtility.ParseQueryString(uri.Query);
    var parameters = new Dictionary<string, string>();
    foreach (string p in rawParameters.Keys)
    {
        parameters[p] = rawParameters[p];
    }
    var client = new HttpClient { Timeout = timeout };
    HttpResponseMessage response;
    if (parameters.Count == 0)
    {
        response = await client.GetAsync(url);
    }
    else
    {
        var content = new FormUrlEncodedContent(parameters);
        string urlMinusParameters = uri.OriginalString.Split('?')[0]; // Parameters always follow the '?' symbol.
        response = await client.PostAsync(urlMinusParameters, content);
    }
    var responseString = await response.Content.ReadAsStringAsync();
    return new WebResponse(response.StatusCode, responseString);
}
private class WebResponse
{
    public WebResponse(HttpStatusCode httpStatusCode, string response)
    {
        this.HttpStatusCode = httpStatusCode;
        this.Response = response;
    }
    public HttpStatusCode HttpStatusCode { get; }
    public string Response { get; }
}

Om te bellen zonder parameters (gebruikt een “GET” achter de schermen):

var timeout = TimeSpan.FromSeconds(300);
 WebResponse response = await this.CallUri("http://www.google.com/", timeout);
 if (response.HttpStatusCode == HttpStatusCode.OK)
 {
     Console.Write(response.Response); // Print HTML.
 }

Om te bellen met parameters (gebruikt een “POST” achter de schermen):

var timeout = TimeSpan.FromSeconds(300);
 WebResponse response = await this.CallUri("http://example.com/path/to/page?name=ferret&color=purple", timeout);
 if (response.HttpStatusCode == HttpStatusCode.OK)
 {
     Console.Write(response.Response); // Print HTML.
 }

Antwoord 7

Eenvoudige (one-liner, geen foutcontrole, geen wachttijd voor reactie) oplossing die ik tot nu toe heb gevonden:

(new WebClient()).UploadStringAsync(new Uri(Address), dataString);?

Voorzichtig gebruiken!


Antwoord 8

Als je van een vloeiende API houdt, kun je Tiny.RestClientgebruiken. Het is beschikbaar op NuGet.

var client = new TinyRestClient(new HttpClient(), "http://MyAPI.com/api");
// POST
var city = new City() { Name = "Paris", Country = "France" };
// With content
var response = await client.PostRequest("City", city)
                           .ExecuteAsync<bool>();

Antwoord 9

Bij gebruik van Windows.Web.Httpnaamruimte, schrijven we voor POST in plaats van FormUrlEncodedContent HttpFormUrlEncodedContent. Het antwoord is ook het type HttpResponseMessage. De rest is zoals Evan Mulawski opschreef.


Antwoord 10

Waarom is dit niet helemaal triviaal? Het verzoek doen is niet en vooral niet het behandelen van de resultaten en het lijkt erop dat er ook enkele .NET-bugs bij betrokken zijn – zie Bug in HttpClient.C.GetAsync Task zou WebException niet moeten gooien

Ik kreeg deze code:

static async Task<(bool Success, WebExceptionStatus WebExceptionStatus, HttpStatusCode? HttpStatusCode, string ResponseAsString)> HttpRequestAsync(HttpClient httpClient, string url, string postBuffer = null, CancellationTokenSource cts = null) {
    try {
        HttpResponseMessage resp = null;
        if (postBuffer is null) {
            resp = cts is null ? await httpClient.GetAsync(url) : await httpClient.GetAsync(url, cts.Token);
        } else {
            using (var httpContent = new StringContent(postBuffer)) {
                resp = cts is null ? await httpClient.PostAsync(url, httpContent) : await httpClient.PostAsync(url, httpContent, cts.Token);
            }
        }
        var respString = await resp.Content.ReadAsStringAsync();
        return (resp.IsSuccessStatusCode, WebExceptionStatus.Success, resp.StatusCode, respString);
    } catch (WebException ex) {
        WebExceptionStatus status = ex.Status;
        if (status == WebExceptionStatus.ProtocolError) {
            // Get HttpWebResponse so that you can check the HTTP status code.
            using (HttpWebResponse httpResponse = (HttpWebResponse)ex.Response) {
                return (false, status, httpResponse.StatusCode, httpResponse.StatusDescription);
            }
        } else {
            return (false, status, null, ex.ToString()); 
        }
    // https://devblogs.microsoft.com/dotnet/net-5-new-networking-improvements/
    } catch (TaskCanceledException ex) when (ex.InnerException is TimeoutException) {
        return (false, ex.ToString(), null, WebExceptionStatus.Timeout);
    } catch (TaskCanceledException ex) {
        return (false, ex.ToString(), null, WebExceptionStatus.RequestCanceled);
    } catch (Exception ex) {
        return (false, WebExceptionStatus.UnknownError, null, ex.ToString());
    }
}

Hiermee wordt een GET of POST uitgevoerd, afhankelijk van of postBuffernull is of niet

als Succes waar is, staat het antwoord in ResponseAsString

Als Succes niet waar is, kun je WebExceptionStatus, HttpStatusCodeen ResponseAsStringcontroleren om te zien wat er mis is gegaan.


Antwoord 11

Nog een andere manier om het te doen:

using (HttpClient httpClient = new HttpClient())
using (MultipartFormDataContent form = new MultipartFormDataContent())
{
    form.Add(new StringContent(param1), "param1");
    form.Add(new StringContent(param2), "param2");
    using (HttpResponseMessage response = await httpClient.PostAsync(url, form))
    {
        response.EnsureSuccessStatusCode();
        string res = await response.Content.ReadAsStringAsync();
        return res;
    }
}

Op deze manier kun je gemakkelijk een stream posten.


Antwoord 12

In .net core kun je post-call maken met de volgende code, hier heb ik wat extra functies aan deze code toegevoegd zodat je code achter een proxy kan werken en met eventuele netwerkreferenties, ook hier vermeld ik dat je kunt wijzigen de codering van uw bericht.
Ik hoop dat dit alles verklaart en je helpt bij het coderen.

HttpClient client = GetHttpClient(_config);
        if (headers != null)
        {
            foreach (var header in headers)
            {
                client.DefaultRequestHeaders.TryAddWithoutValidation(header.Key, header.Value);
            }
        }
        client.BaseAddress = new Uri(baseAddress);
        Encoding encoding = Encoding.UTF8;
        var result = await client.PostAsync(url, new StringContent(body, encoding, "application/json")).ConfigureAwait(false);
        if (result.IsSuccessStatusCode)
        {
            return new RequestResponse { severity = "Success", httpResponse = result.Content.ReadAsStringAsync().Result, StatusCode = result.StatusCode };
        }
        else
        {
            return new RequestResponse { severity = "failure", httpResponse = result.Content.ReadAsStringAsync().Result, StatusCode = result.StatusCode };
        }
 public HttpClient GetHttpClient(IConfiguration _config)
        {
            bool ProxyEnable = Convert.ToBoolean(_config["GlobalSettings:ProxyEnable"]);
            HttpClient client = null;
            if (!ProxyEnable)
            {
                client = new HttpClient();
            }
            else
            {
                string ProxyURL = _config["GlobalSettings:ProxyURL"];
                string ProxyUserName = _config["GlobalSettings:ProxyUserName"];
                string ProxyPassword = _config["GlobalSettings:ProxyPassword"];
                string[] ExceptionURL = _config["GlobalSettings:ExceptionURL"].Split(';');
                bool BypassProxyOnLocal = Convert.ToBoolean(_config["GlobalSettings:BypassProxyOnLocal"]);
                bool UseDefaultCredentials = Convert.ToBoolean(_config["GlobalSettings:UseDefaultCredentials"]);
                WebProxy proxy = new WebProxy
                {
                    Address = new Uri(ProxyURL),
                    BypassProxyOnLocal = BypassProxyOnLocal,
                    UseDefaultCredentials = UseDefaultCredentials,
                    BypassList = ExceptionURL,
                    Credentials = new NetworkCredential(ProxyUserName, ProxyPassword)
                };
                HttpClientHandler handler = new HttpClientHandler { Proxy = proxy };
                client = new HttpClient(handler,true);
            }
            return client;
        }

Antwoord 13

Dit is wat ik in .NET 4.8 gebruik om een ​​HTTP POST-verzoek te doen.
Met deze code kan men meerdere POST-verzoeken tegelijk asynchroon verzenden.
Aan het einde van elk verzoek wordt een evenement aan de orde gesteld. En ook aan het einde van elk verzoek wordt een ander evenement aan de orde gesteld.

De enige hieronder is de kernklasse:

Imports System.ComponentModel
Imports System.Text.RegularExpressions
Imports System.Timers
Imports System.Windows.Forms
Imports AeonLabs
Imports AeonLabs.Environment
Imports Newtonsoft.Json
Public Class HttpDataCore
    Public Property url As String
    Public Property state As New environmentVarsCore
    Public Property errorMessage As String = ""
    Public Property statusMessage As String
    Public Property threadCount As Integer = 25
    Public Property numberOfRetryAttempts = 5
    Public Property queue As List(Of _queue_data_struct)
    Public Property queueBWorker As Integer() ' has the size of threadCount
    Public Property queueLock As New Object
    Public Property retryAttempts As New _retry_attempts
    Public Property dataStatistics As List(Of _data_statistics)
    Public Property loadingCounter As Integer
    Public Property CompletionPercentage As Integer ' value range 0-100
    Public Property IsBusy As Boolean
    Public Structure _queue_data_struct
        Dim vars As Dictionary(Of String, String)
        Dim filenameOrSavePath As String                  ' full address file name or full adress folder path
        Dim misc As Dictionary(Of String, String)
        Dim status As Integer                             ' -1 - completed; 0- not sent yet; 1-already sent / processing 
    End Structure
    Public Structure _retry_attempts
        Dim counter As Integer
        Dim pattern As Integer
        Dim previousPattern As Integer
        Dim errorMessage As String
    End Structure
    Public Structure _data_statistics
        Dim filesize As Double
        Dim bytesSentReceived As Double
        Dim speed As Double
    End Structure
    Public WithEvents RestartQueueTimer As New Timers.Timer
    Public bwDataRequest() As BackgroundWorker
    Public Event requestCompleted(sender As Object, requestData As String) 'TODO add misc vars
    Private sendToQueue As Boolean
    Public Sub New(ByVal Optional _state As environmentVarsCore = Nothing, ByVal Optional _url As String = "")
        queue = New List(Of _queue_data_struct)
        dataStatistics = New List(Of _data_statistics)
        loadingCounter = 0
        sendToQueue = False
        If _state IsNot Nothing AndAlso _url.Equals("") Then
            url = _state.ServerBaseAddr & _state.ApiServerAddrPath
        ElseIf Not _url.Equals("") Then
            url = _url
        Else
            Throw New System.Exception("Initialization err: state and url cannot be both null at same time")
        End If
        If _state IsNot Nothing Then
            state = _state
        End If
    End Sub
    Public Sub loadQueue(ByVal vars As Dictionary(Of String, String), ByVal Optional misc As Dictionary(Of String, String) = Nothing, ByVal Optional filenameOrSavePath As String = Nothing)
        Dim queueItem As New _queue_data_struct
        queueItem.vars = New Dictionary(Of String, String)
        queueItem.misc = New Dictionary(Of String, String)
        queueItem.vars = vars
        queueItem.status = 0
        queueItem.misc = misc
        queueItem.filenameOrSavePath = filenameOrSavePath
        queue.Add(queueItem)
    End Sub
    Public Sub clearQueue()
        loadingCounter = 0
        queue = New List(Of _queue_data_struct)
    End Sub
    Public Sub startRequest()
        If bwDataRequest(0) Is Nothing Then
            Throw New Exception("You need to call initialze first")
            Exit Sub
        End If
        'startSendQueue()
        IsBusy = True
        AddHandler RestartQueueTimer.Elapsed, New ElapsedEventHandler(AddressOf QueueTimerTick)
        With RestartQueueTimer
            .Enabled = True
            .Interval = 500
            .Start()
        End With
    End Sub
    Private Sub QueueTimerTick(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As ElapsedEventArgs)
        If QueuesToComplete(queue).Equals(0) And QueuesToSend(queue).Equals(0) Then
            RestartQueueTimer.Stop()
            queue = New List(Of _queue_data_struct)
            RaiseEvent requestCompleted(Me, Nothing)
            IsBusy = False
            Exit Sub
        End If
        If retryAttempts.counter >= numberOfRetryAttempts Then 'ToDo a retry number of attempts before quits
            Threading.Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentUICulture = Globalization.CultureInfo.GetCultureInfo(state.currentLang)
            Dim MsgBox As messageBoxForm
            MsgBox = New messageBoxForm(retryAttempts.errorMessage & ". " & My.Resources.strings.tryAgain & " ?", My.Resources.strings.question, MessageBoxButtons.YesNo, MessageBoxIcon.Question)
            If MsgBox.ShowDialog() = DialogResult.Yes Then
                Dim retry As _retry_attempts
                With retry
                    .counter = 0
                    .previousPattern = -1
                    .pattern = 0
                    .errorMessage = ""
                End With
                retryAttempts = retry
                startSendQueue()
            Else
                RestartQueueTimer.Stop()
                queue = New List(Of _queue_data_struct)
                RaiseEvent requestCompleted(Me, Nothing)
                IsBusy = False
                Exit Sub
            End If
            Exit Sub
        ElseIf Not sendToQueue And QueuesToSend(queue) > 0 Then
            startSendQueue()
        End If
    End Sub
    Private Sub startSendQueue()
        sendToQueue = True
        While QueuesToSend(queue) > 0
            For shtIndex = 0 To threadCount
                For i = 0 To queue.Count - 1
                    If Not bwDataRequest(shtIndex).IsBusy Then
                        SyncLock queueLock
                            If queue.ElementAt(i).status.Equals(0) Then
                                Dim data As New _queue_data_struct
                                data.vars = queue.ElementAt(i).vars
                                data.status = 1
                                data.misc = queue.ElementAt(i).misc
                                data.filenameOrSavePath = queue.ElementAt(i).filenameOrSavePath
                                queue(i) = data
                                queueBWorker(shtIndex) = i
                                dataStatistics(shtIndex) = (New _data_statistics)
                                bwDataRequest(shtIndex).RunWorkerAsync(queue(i))
                                Threading.Thread.Sleep(50)
                            End If
                        End SyncLock
                    End If
                Next i
            Next shtIndex
        End While
        sendToQueue = False
    End Sub
    Public Function QueuesToSend(queue As List(Of _queue_data_struct)) As Integer
        Dim counter As Integer = 0
        For i = 0 To queue.Count - 1
            If queue(i).status.Equals(0) Then
                counter += 1
            End If
        Next i
        Return counter
    End Function
    Public Function QueuesToComplete(queue As List(Of _queue_data_struct)) As Integer
        Dim counter As Integer = 0
        For i = 0 To queue.Count - 1
            If queue(i).status.Equals(1) Then
                counter += 1
            End If
        Next i
        Return counter
    End Function
    Public Function QueuesMultiHash(queue As List(Of _queue_data_struct)) As Integer
        Dim counter As Integer = 0
        For i = 0 To queue.Count - 1
            If queue(i).status.Equals(1) Then
                counter += i
            End If
        Next i
        Return counter
    End Function
    Public Function IsBase64String(ByVal s As String) As Boolean
        s = s.Trim()
        Return (s.Length Mod 4 = 0) AndAlso Regex.IsMatch(s, "^[a-zA-Z0-9\+/]*={0,3}$", RegexOptions.None)
    End Function
    '+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    Public Function ConvertDataToArray(key As String, fields As String(), response As String) As Dictionary(Of String, List(Of String))
        If GetMessage(response).Equals("1001") Then
            Threading.Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentUICulture = Globalization.CultureInfo.GetCultureInfo(state.currentLang)
            errorMessage = "{'error':true,'message':'" & My.Resources.strings.errorNoRecordsFound & "'}"
            Return Nothing
        End If
        Try
            Dim jsonResult = JsonConvert.DeserializeObject(Of Dictionary(Of String, Object))(response)
            If jsonResult.ContainsKey(key) Then
                If Not jsonResult.Item(key).item(0).Count.Equals(fields.Length) Then
                    Threading.Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentUICulture = Globalization.CultureInfo.GetCultureInfo(state.currentLang)
                    errorMessage = "{'error':true,'message':'" & My.Resources.strings.JsonFieldsMismatch & ". table(" & key & "'}"
                    Return Nothing
                Else
                    Dim results = New Dictionary(Of String, List(Of String))
                    For k = 0 To fields.Length - 1
                        Dim fieldValues As List(Of String) = New List(Of String)
                        For i = 0 To jsonResult.Item(key).Count - 1
                            fieldValues.Add(jsonResult.Item(key).item(i).item(k).ToString)
                        Next i
                        results.Add(fields(k), fieldValues)
                    Next k
                    Return results
                End If
            Else
                Threading.Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentUICulture = Globalization.CultureInfo.GetCultureInfo(state.currentLang)
                errorMessage = "{'error':true,'message':'" & My.Resources.strings.JsonkeyNotFound & " (" & key & "'}"
                Return Nothing
            End If
        Catch ex As Exception
            errorMessage = "{'error':true,'message':'" & ex.ToString & "'}"
            errorMessage = ex.ToString
            Return Nothing
        End Try
    End Function
End Class

de AeonLabs.Envorimentis een klasse met een verzameling of velden en eigenschappen.

En die hieronder is voor het maken van een POST-verzoek:

Imports System.ComponentModel
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Net
Imports System.Text
Imports System.Web
Imports System.Web.Script.Serialization
Imports System.Windows.Forms
Imports AeonLabs.Environment
Imports AeonLabs.Security
Public Class HttpDataPostData
    Inherits HttpDataCore
    Public Event updateProgress(sender As Object, misc As Dictionary(Of String, String))
    Public Event dataArrived(sender As Object, requestData As String, misc As Dictionary(Of String, String))
    Public Sub New(ByVal Optional _state As environmentVarsCore = Nothing, ByVal Optional _url As String = "")
        MyBase.New(_state, _url)
    End Sub
    Public Sub initialize(ByVal Optional _threadCount As Integer = 0)
        If Not _threadCount.Equals(0) Then
            threadCount = _threadCount
        End If
        ReDim bwDataRequest(threadCount)
        ReDim queueBWorker(threadCount)
        For shtIndex = 0 To threadCount
            dataStatistics.Add(New _data_statistics)
            bwDataRequest(shtIndex) = New System.ComponentModel.BackgroundWorker
            bwDataRequest(shtIndex).WorkerReportsProgress = True
            bwDataRequest(shtIndex).WorkerSupportsCancellation = True
            AddHandler bwDataRequest(shtIndex).DoWork, AddressOf bwDataRequest_DoWork
            AddHandler bwDataRequest(shtIndex).RunWorkerCompleted, AddressOf bwDataRequest_RunWorkerCompleted
        Next shtIndex
        Dim retry As _retry_attempts
        With retry
            .counter = 0
            .previousPattern = -1
            .pattern = 0
            .errorMessage = ""
        End With
        retryAttempts = retry
    End Sub
    Private Sub bwDataRequest_DoWork(ByVal sender As System.Object, ByVal e As System.ComponentModel.DoWorkEventArgs)
        ' Find out the Index of the bWorker that called this DoWork (could be cleaner, I know)
        Dim Y As Integer
        Dim Index As Integer = Nothing
        For Y = 0 To UBound(bwDataRequest)
            If sender.Equals(bwDataRequest(Y)) Then
                Index = Y
                Exit For
            End If
        Next Y
        Dim queue As _queue_data_struct
        queue = e.Argument
        Dim vars As New Dictionary(Of String, String)
        vars = queue.vars
        'TODO translation need to be local
        If Not System.Net.NetworkInformation.NetworkInterface.GetIsNetworkAvailable() Then
            Threading.Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentUICulture = System.Globalization.CultureInfo.GetCultureInfo(state.currentLang)
            e.Result = "{'error':true,'message':'" & My.Resources.strings.errorNoNetwork & "'}"
            Exit Sub
        End If
        If vars Is Nothing Then
            e.Result = "{'error':true,'message':'missconfiguration vars'}"
            Exit Sub
        End If
        If Not vars.ContainsKey("id") Then
            vars.Add("id", state.userId)
        End If
        If Not vars.ContainsKey("pid") Then
            Dim appId As New FingerPrint
            vars.Add("pid", appId.Value)
        End If
        If Not vars.ContainsKey("language") Then
            vars.Add("language", state.currentLang)
        End If
        If Not vars.ContainsKey("origin") Then
            vars.Add("origin", state.softwareAccessMode)
        End If
        Dim serializer As New JavaScriptSerializer()
        Dim json As String = serializer.Serialize(vars)
        Dim encryption As New AesCipher(state)
        Dim encrypted As String = HttpUtility.UrlEncode(encryption.encrypt(json))
        Dim PostData = "origin=" & state.softwareAccessMode & "&data=" & encrypted
        Dim request As WebRequest = WebRequest.Create(url)
        Dim responseFromServer As String = ""
        Dim decrypted As String = ""
        request.Method = "POST"
        Dim byteArray As Byte() = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(PostData)
        request.ContentType = "application/x-www-form-urlencoded"
        request.Headers.Add("Authorization", state.ApiHttpHeaderToken & "-" & state.softwareAccessMode)
        request.ContentLength = byteArray.Length
        Try
            Dim dataStream As Stream = request.GetRequestStream()
            dataStream.Write(byteArray, 0, byteArray.Length)
            dataStream.Close()
            Dim response As HttpWebResponse = CType(request.GetResponse(), HttpWebResponse)
            dataStream = response.GetResponseStream()
            Dim reader As New StreamReader(dataStream)
            responseFromServer = reader.ReadToEnd()
            reader.Close()
            dataStream.Close()
            response.Close()
            If response.StatusCode = HttpStatusCode.Accepted Or response.StatusCode = 200 Then
                If IsBase64String(responseFromServer) And Not responseFromServer.Equals("") Then
                    decrypted = encryption.decrypt((responseFromServer)).Replace("\'", "'")
                Else
                    Threading.Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentUICulture = System.Globalization.CultureInfo.GetCultureInfo(state.currentLang)
                    decrypted = "{'error':true,'encrypted':false,'message':'" & My.Resources.strings.contactingCommServer & " |" & responseFromServer & "|'}"
                End If
            Else
                Threading.Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentUICulture = System.Globalization.CultureInfo.GetCultureInfo(state.currentLang)
                decrypted = "{'error':true,'message':'" & My.Resources.strings.contactingCommServer & " (" & response.StatusCode & ")', 'statuscode':'" & response.StatusCode & "'}"
            End If
        Catch ex As Exception
            Threading.Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentUICulture = System.Globalization.CultureInfo.GetCultureInfo(state.currentLang)
            decrypted = "{'error':true,'message':'" & My.Resources.strings.contactingCommServer & " (" & ex.Message.ToString.Replace("'", "\'") & ")'}"
        End Try
        e.Result = decrypted.Replace("\'", "'")
    End Sub
    Private Sub bwDataRequest_RunWorkerCompleted(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.ComponentModel.RunWorkerCompletedEventArgs)
        ' Find out the Index of the bWorker that called this DoWork (could be cleaner, I know)
        Dim Y As Integer
        Dim Index As Integer = Nothing
        Dim data As New _queue_data_struct
        For Y = 0 To UBound(bwDataRequest)
            If sender.Equals(bwDataRequest(Y)) Then
                Index = Y
                Exit For
            End If
        Next Y
        If IsResponseOk(e.Result, "statuscode") Then
            data = New _queue_data_struct
            data = queue(queueBWorker(Index))
            data.status = 0 're queue the file
            SyncLock queueLock
                queue(queueBWorker(Index)) = data
            End SyncLock
            Dim errorMsg As String = GetMessage(e.Result)
            Dim retry As _retry_attempts
            With retry
                .counter = retryAttempts.counter
                .previousPattern = retryAttempts.previousPattern
                .pattern = retryAttempts.pattern
                .errorMessage = retryAttempts.errorMessage
            End With
            retry.errorMessage = If(retryAttempts.errorMessage.IndexOf(errorMsg) > -1, retryAttempts.errorMessage, retryAttempts.errorMessage & System.Environment.NewLine & errorMsg)
            retry.pattern = QueuesMultiHash(queue)
            If retry.previousPattern.Equals(retry.pattern) Then
                retry.counter += 1
            Else
                retry.counter = 1
                retry.previousPattern = retryAttempts.pattern
            End If
            retryAttempts = retry
            Exit Sub
        End If
        data = New _queue_data_struct
        data = queue(queueBWorker(Index))
        data.status = -1 'completed sucessfully status
        SyncLock queueLock
            queue(queueBWorker(Index)) = data
        End SyncLock
        loadingCounter += 1
        CompletionPercentage = (loadingCounter / queue.Count) * 100
        statusMessage = "Loading data from the cloud ..."
        RaiseEvent updateProgress(Me, queue(queueBWorker(Index)).misc)
        RaiseEvent dataArrived(Me, e.Result, queue(queueBWorker(Index)).misc)
    End Sub
End Class

De Aoenlabs.Security is een klasse voor het versleutelen van POST-gegevens met behulp van standaard versleutelingsalgoritmen


Antwoord 14

Je kunt ook de Postman-app voor Windows, Linux of OSX gebruiken. Het is een complete web-app & service-testomgeving die alle aanvraagmethoden omvat. Je kunt de nieuwste versie hiervinden.

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